Oil and Sovereignty. Petro-Knowledge and Energy Policy in the United States and Western Europe in the 1970s

Completed research project

In the decades that followed World War II, cheap and plentiful oil helped to fuel rapid economic growth, ensure political stability, and reinforce the legitimacy of liberal democracies. Yet waves of price increases and the use of the so-called “oil weapon” by a group of Arab oil-producing countries in the early 1970s demonstrated the West’s dependence on this vital resource and its vulnerability to economic volatility and political conflicts. The project analyzed the national and international strategies that American and European governments formulated to restructure the world of oil and deal with the era’s disruptions. It showed how a variety of different actors combined diplomacy, knowledge creation, economic restructuring, and public relations in their attempts to impose stability and reassert national sovereignty.

 

Publication:
Rüdiger Graf, Oil and Sovereignty. Petro-Knowledge and Energy Policy in the United States and Western Europe in the 1970s (Translated from the German by Alex Skinner), New York City, 2018.

Priv.-Doz. Dr. Rüdiger Graf

Leibniz Centre for Contemporary History Potsdam
Am Neuen Markt 1
14467 Potsdam

Office: Am Neuen Markt 9d, Room 2.00
Phone.: 0331/74510-129
Fax: 0331/74510-143

Email: graf [at] zzf-potsdam.de

Forschung

Oil and Sovereignty. Petro-Knowledge and Energy Policy in the United States and Western Europe in the 1970s

Completed research project

In the decades that followed World War II, cheap and plentiful oil helped to fuel rapid economic growth, ensure political stability, and reinforce the legitimacy of liberal democracies. Yet waves of price increases and the use of the so-called “oil weapon” by a group of Arab oil-producing countries in the early 1970s demonstrated the West’s dependence on this vital resource and its vulnerability to economic volatility and political conflicts. The project analyzed the national and international strategies that American and European governments formulated to restructure the world of oil and deal with the era’s disruptions. It showed how a variety of different actors combined diplomacy, knowledge creation, economic restructuring, and public relations in their attempts to impose stability and reassert national sovereignty.

 

Publication:
Rüdiger Graf, Oil and Sovereignty. Petro-Knowledge and Energy Policy in the United States and Western Europe in the 1970s (Translated from the German by Alex Skinner), New York City, 2018.

Priv.-Doz. Dr. Rüdiger Graf

Leibniz Centre for Contemporary History Potsdam
Am Neuen Markt 1
14467 Potsdam

Office: Am Neuen Markt 9d, Room 2.00
Phone.: 0331/74510-129
Fax: 0331/74510-143

Email: graf [at] zzf-potsdam.de

Forschung