Oil and Sovereignty. Petro-Knowledge and Energy Policy in the United States and Western Europe in the 1970s
Completed research project
In the decades that followed World War II, cheap and plentiful oil helped to fuel rapid economic growth, ensure political stability, and reinforce the legitimacy of liberal democracies. Yet waves of price increases and the use of the so-called “oil weapon” by a group of Arab oil-producing countries in the early 1970s demonstrated the West’s dependence on this vital resource and its vulnerability to economic volatility and political conflicts. The project analyzed the national and international strategies that American and European governments formulated to restructure the world of oil and deal with the era’s disruptions. It showed how a variety of different actors combined diplomacy, knowledge creation, economic restructuring, and public relations in their attempts to impose stability and reassert national sovereignty.
Rüdiger Graf, Oil and Sovereignty. Petro-Knowledge and Energy Policy in the United States and Western Europe in the 1970s (Translated from the German by Alex Skinner), New York City, 2018.
Priv.-Doz. Dr. Rüdiger Graf
Leibniz Centre for Contemporary History Potsdam
Am Neuen Markt 1
Office: Am Neuen Markt 9d, Room 2.00
Email: graf [at] zzf-potsdam.de