Completed research projects

Forschung

Projekte

Book cover.

The Citizen and his Rights
The Transformation of Legal Culture from Late Socialist to Post-socialist Society in East Germany from 1980 to 2000

Completed associated PhD project

This PhD project focuses on changes in legal culture in East Germany against the backdrop of the collapse of state socialism, revolution and transformation since accession to the Federal Republic of Germany during the period from 1980 until 2000.

Volunteering in Local Communities between Late Socialism and Liberal Capitalism: The History of Volunteer Fire Departments in Germany and East Central Europe, 1980-2000

The project was completed in 2017 at the ZZF and has been continued since then at the Hannah-Arendt-Institut für Totalitarismusforschung e.V. an der Technischen Universität Dresden (HAIT)
Organised voluntary engagement for the common good of the local community was and remains a constant feature in modern societies since the nineteenth century, and across very diverse political regimes. Using the venerable institution of Voluntary Fire Departments (VFD), this comparative project in contemporary history aims at exploring the practice and relevance of volunteer work during late state socialism and the transformation to democracy and market economies in small- and medium-sized cities and their surrounding rural areas (district towns) in Germany and East Central Europe.

Bertolt Brecht and Hanns Eisler at the preparatory meeting of the Academy of Arts of the GDR on 21.03.1950. Photo: Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-19204-2132 / CC-BY-SA 3.0, Bundesarchiv Bild 183-19204-2132, Berlin, Bertolt Brecht und Hanns Eisler, CC BY-SA 3.0 DE

West-Emigranten
German Communists between US Exile and GDR

Mario Keßler

Completed Book project
This book examines the traces of German communist refugees in the USA who returned to the GDR after the end of the Nazi regime. It describes both their experiences of exile in the capitalist society of the USA and their living conditions in East Germany after 1945.

Reflections on 1989/90 in Literary Texts of Younger German and Czech Authors

Completed associated PhD project

This project focused on a comparative analysis of literary texts of young German and Czech authors dealing with the final years of the GDR and the ČSSR, as well as with the events of 1989/90 and its social consequences.

The building of the Central Committee of the SED on the Marx-Engels-Square, 1967. Photo: Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-FO427-202-001 / Koard, Peter / CC-BY-SA 3.0, Bundesarchiv Bild 183-FO427-202-001, Berlin, Gebäude des ZK der SED, CC BY-SA 3.0 DE

Revolutionary Headquarters and Seat of Government: The Apparatus of the Central Committee of the SED as the Governmental Centre of East Germany, 1946 to 1989

Completed Research Project

The subject of the project are the departments of the Central Committee of the SED and the institutes subordinated to these in their role as intermediate organisations of rule and control. Points of focus are the question of cultural and social-psychological parameters of party rule as well as a prosopographic analysis of the Central Committee staff.

Bookcover

Communist Intellectuals in Western Europe

Mario Keßler

Completed book project

In 2015 and 2017, Mario Kessler (ZZF), Axel Schildt, and Knud Andresen (both Forschungsstelle für Zeitgeschichte Hamburg) organized  two conferences on communist intellectuals in post-Second World War Western Europe. Papers of both conferences were published in a book (sep. 2018, Metropol Verlag):
Knud Andresen, Mario Keßler, Axel Schildt (Hg.)
Dissidente Kommunisten. Das sowjetische Modell und seine Kritiker

 

"What's the Meaning of 1917? Glances from a 100-Year Distance"

Completed Project
Publications and Events on the Occasion of the 100th Anniversary of the October Revolution.

Bookcover

Arkadij Maslow: Dissident Against His Will (1891-1941)

Mario Keßler

Completed book project

This book is a political biography of Arkadij Maksimovich Maslow (1891-1941), a German Communist politician and later a dissident and opponent to Stalin.

The Warsaw Uprising Monument got unveiled in 1989. Foto: Dhirad, Warsaw wwII, CC BY-SA 3.0

Divided Memory?
The Second World in the Historical Culture of the People’s Republic of Poland

Florian Peters
Completed PhD project

The largest anti-Communist opposition movement in Eastern Europe, the Polish ‘Solidarność’ of the years 1980/81, constitutes an important, if not central, element of the pan-European transformation processes in the final third of the twentieth century.

October 1961. Children keep their friendship across the barbed wire border between East and West Berlin. From the booklet "A City Torn Apart: Building of the Berlin Wall." Photo: The Central Intelligence Agency, Children in East and West Berlin - Flickr - The Central Intelligence Agency, public domain, details on Wikimedia Commons

The Construction of the Berlin Wall and its Impact on East German Society: A Psycho-geographical Analysis (1960s)

Completed associated PhD project

This PhD project questions the repercussions of the construction of the Wall on GDR society. The study focuses on the Wall's effect on East Berliners' everyday lives and how they had to interact with and circulate within these new thoroughfares.

Book cover.

People’s Police and Legitimisation of Power in Socialist Romania, 1960–1989

Ciprian Cirniala
Completed associated PhD project

Numerous allegories of a James Bond in the service of his people, a figure of Herculean strength or a person in blue appeared in the mass media discourse of socialist Romania from 1960 to 1989. Representations of power collided with social counter-representations (the Fuzz, truncheon-carriers) of law enforcement officers.

Havarie: East German Society Facing Industrial Disasters

Thomas Lindenberger
Completed Research project

Severe industrial accidents leading both to major disruptions in production and a relevant number of casualties are examined in order to reconstruct consensus, collusion and conflict between the different social actors constituting the social world of communist regimes: workers, engineers, managers, party organisers, functionaries of trade union and state apparatus, the secret police and party leaders.

Removal of the emblem of the SED on a building of the Central Committee on Werderscher Markt, 1990. Photo: Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-1990-0123-027 / Oberst, Klaus / CC-BY-SA 3.0, Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1990-0123-027, Berlin, SED-Symbol an ehem. ZK-Gebäude, CC BY-SA 3.0 DE

The SED between the Construction and the Fall of the Berlin Wall: Social History of a Communist State Party

Jens Gieseke

Completed Project

Collaborative project with the Chair of Modern and Contemporary History at the Friedrich Schiller University, Jena. Funded by the Federal Foundation for the Reappraisal of the SED Dictatorship

Bookcover: Alfred Meusel. Soziologe und Historiker zwischen Bürgertum und Marxismus (1896–1960)

Alfred Meusel. Soziologe und Historiker zwischen Bürgertum und Marxismus (1896–1960)

Mario Keßler

Completed book project

The sociologist and historian Alfred Meusel (1896-1960) belonged to the generation of young intellectuals who had to experience the First World War at the front. In the Weimar Republic he became a well-known sociologist of the second generation after the founding fathers of the discipline, such as Max Weber, Georg Simmel or Ferdinand Tönnies. At the age of 30 he became Professor in Aachen. In 1933 he was forced to emigrate. In England he applied in vain for a position at a university. After his return to Berlin, however, he was the first Marxist to be appointed to a chair in modern history at a German university. At Humboldt University and as director of the Museum of German History, he became a prominent, if partially controversial historian in the early years of the GDR.
Rosa Luxemburg Foundation, Berlin, funded the printing of the book.

Psychiatry and Society in the GDR in the Sixties

Fanny Le Bonhomme
Completed associated PhD project

The focus of this research study is on the relationship between psychiatry and society in the GDR in the 1960s. It should be demonstrated to what extent the institution of psychiatry – and the sources produced by it – can reflect the mechanisms, tensions and contradictions in East German society. In the framework of this research project, psychiatry will not be regarded as an ‘outdoor space’ of society but more as a component part of that which constitutes a society.

Physical Violence and State Legitimacy in Late Socialism – An International Research Network

Jan C. Behrends

Completed SAW-Project

The network investigates the relationship between physical violence and state legitimacy in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union, addressing the following questions: How did the state control violence after Stalin? How did political legitimation change after 1956? How were these changes related to the repression and the use of violent force? To what extent did physical violence disappear from politics? How was physical violence in the private sphere dealt with? Did these changes contribute to the decline of communism?

Heavy-Metal-Fans in typischer Montur auf Konzertreise in Erfurt (circa 1988)", Photo: BStU

Red Metal. Heavy Metal as an East German Subculture between Conflict and Integration

Nikolai Okunew

Completed associated PhD project

The global revival of Heavy Metal music in the early 1980s did not stop at the Elbe River. Looked down upon by state media, Heavy Metal fans emerged in every GDR district. In their spare time, almost exclusively dedicated to the collective consumption of music, these groups may have formed the biggest youth subculture in the socialist state.

Bookcover:

Building Bridges and Crossing Borders
Historians during the Cold War

Jan C. Behrends, Jürgen Danyel

Completed Research project

The project aims to historicize the role historians played in the 20th century.

A member of the SED recieves his party book, Leipzig 1951. Photo: Deutsche Fotothek‎, Fotothek df roe-neg 0006041 018 SED-Mitglied erhält sein SED-Mitgliedsbuch, CC BY-SA 3.0 DE

‘Where there is a comrade, there is the party!’?
Stability and Erosion of the SED Party Base from 1979 to 1989

Sabine Pannen
Completed associated PhD project

This PhD project focuses on the rank-and-file members of the former socialist state party (SED) separately to its party leaders and apparatus. In the 1980s, almost every fifth adult in the GDR held a party document. For this reason, party members constituted both a large part of society as well as a group of their own within society.

Bookcover: Albert Schreiner. Kommunist mit Lebensumbrüchen

Albert Schreiner. Kommunist mit Lebensbrüchen (1892-1979)

Mario Keßler

Completed book project

Albert Schreiner (1892-1979) was a journalist and functionary in the KPD and at times in the KPD Opposition. His life stations were Germany, France, Spain, the USA, and finally the GDR.  Schreiner’s political life was characterized by loyalty to the party as well as occasional hard criticism of the party line. He was a military writer who revealed in brilliant books Hitler’s rearmament. In the United States, he was one of the leading figures of the KPD exile. As a historian in the GDR, he was less successful.

This completed book project is part of the author’s project on German communist refugees in the United States (‘Westemigranten’).

 

The West German Left and its Association of Left-Wing Bookshops, 1970–1981

Completed associated PhD project

Since the end of the 1960s leftist bookshops and political publishing houses have been popping up like mushrooms all across the Federal Republic of Germany and West Berlin. The soil for this sudden appearance had been prepared by the student revolts that took place from 1967 to 1969. 

Cover of the publication.

East German Historians since Reunification
A Discipline Transformed

Mario Keßler

Completed book project

With German reunification and the demise of the German Democratic Republic in 1990, East German historians and their traditions of historiography were removed from mainstream discourse in Germany and relegated to the periphery. By the mid-1990s, few historians trained in the GDR remained in academia. These developments led to a greater degree of intellectual pluralism, yet marginalised many accomplished scholars.

Children playing in Berlin during the 1948 blockade. Photo: U.S. Department of Agriculture. Quelle: Flickr, Lizenz: public domain

Americans in West Berlin, 1945-1994
The History of an Imagined Community

Stefanie Eisenhuth

Completed associated PhD project

My study aims to question the popular myth of an alleged ‘special relationship’ between the United States and West Berlin after the Second World War by taking a closer look at local troop-community relations. Who supported contacts between military personnel and the local population? What was their motivation? Where did Germans and Americans meet by chance?

Study on Politically-motivated Forced Adoptions in the GDR

Agnès Arp

Completed proposal development for a project

This is a study of politically-motivated forced adoptions in the GDR on behalf of the Commissioner of the Federal Government for the New Federal States and the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy.

The SED in the Province
Party Presence and Regional Practices of Domination (1961–1989)

Completed PhD project

The PhD project focuses on the SED-Kreisleitungen – the local party leaders and the local party apparatuses of the former socialist state party (SED). These local power structures were located between the population on the one hand and the central and regional party apparatuses on the other hand.

Bookcover: Reformen und Reformer im Kommunismus

Bookcover: Reformen und Reformer im Kommunismus. Für Theodor Bergmann. Eine Würdigung

Reformen und Reformer im Kommunismus

Mario Keßler

Completed book project

Over decades there were in the East and in the West different personalities in the communist parties and their governing bodies who sought to democratize communism as ideology, political movement and state order. This book portrays a great number of the reforms and reformers in communism and examines the reasons why they failed. Twenty-two authors from Germany, France, the United States, Canada, Russia and China participated in this multi-national project

Imprisonment statement for the german journalist Karl Wilhelm Fricke, 1955, with a signature of Stasi-Chief Erich Milke. Photo: DDR Staatssicherheit, BStU, Karl Wilhelm Fricke - Haftbeschluss 1955, marked as public domain, details on Wikimedia Commons

Die historische Aufarbeitung der Zwangsarbeit politischer Häftlinge im DDR-Strafvollzug

Jan Philip Wölbern
Completed Research Project

Studie im Auftrag der Beauftragten der Bundesregierung für die Neuen Bundesländer (gefördert bis 2015)

Completed research projects

Forschung

Projekte

Book cover.

The Citizen and his Rights
The Transformation of Legal Culture from Late Socialist to Post-socialist Society in East Germany from 1980 to 2000

Completed associated PhD project

This PhD project focuses on changes in legal culture in East Germany against the backdrop of the collapse of state socialism, revolution and transformation since accession to the Federal Republic of Germany during the period from 1980 until 2000.

Volunteering in Local Communities between Late Socialism and Liberal Capitalism: The History of Volunteer Fire Departments in Germany and East Central Europe, 1980-2000

The project was completed in 2017 at the ZZF and has been continued since then at the Hannah-Arendt-Institut für Totalitarismusforschung e.V. an der Technischen Universität Dresden (HAIT)
Organised voluntary engagement for the common good of the local community was and remains a constant feature in modern societies since the nineteenth century, and across very diverse political regimes. Using the venerable institution of Voluntary Fire Departments (VFD), this comparative project in contemporary history aims at exploring the practice and relevance of volunteer work during late state socialism and the transformation to democracy and market economies in small- and medium-sized cities and their surrounding rural areas (district towns) in Germany and East Central Europe.

Bertolt Brecht and Hanns Eisler at the preparatory meeting of the Academy of Arts of the GDR on 21.03.1950. Photo: Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-19204-2132 / CC-BY-SA 3.0, Bundesarchiv Bild 183-19204-2132, Berlin, Bertolt Brecht und Hanns Eisler, CC BY-SA 3.0 DE

West-Emigranten
German Communists between US Exile and GDR

Mario Keßler

Completed Book project
This book examines the traces of German communist refugees in the USA who returned to the GDR after the end of the Nazi regime. It describes both their experiences of exile in the capitalist society of the USA and their living conditions in East Germany after 1945.

Reflections on 1989/90 in Literary Texts of Younger German and Czech Authors

Completed associated PhD project

This project focused on a comparative analysis of literary texts of young German and Czech authors dealing with the final years of the GDR and the ČSSR, as well as with the events of 1989/90 and its social consequences.

The building of the Central Committee of the SED on the Marx-Engels-Square, 1967. Photo: Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-FO427-202-001 / Koard, Peter / CC-BY-SA 3.0, Bundesarchiv Bild 183-FO427-202-001, Berlin, Gebäude des ZK der SED, CC BY-SA 3.0 DE

Revolutionary Headquarters and Seat of Government: The Apparatus of the Central Committee of the SED as the Governmental Centre of East Germany, 1946 to 1989

Completed Research Project

The subject of the project are the departments of the Central Committee of the SED and the institutes subordinated to these in their role as intermediate organisations of rule and control. Points of focus are the question of cultural and social-psychological parameters of party rule as well as a prosopographic analysis of the Central Committee staff.

Bookcover

Communist Intellectuals in Western Europe

Mario Keßler

Completed book project

In 2015 and 2017, Mario Kessler (ZZF), Axel Schildt, and Knud Andresen (both Forschungsstelle für Zeitgeschichte Hamburg) organized  two conferences on communist intellectuals in post-Second World War Western Europe. Papers of both conferences were published in a book (sep. 2018, Metropol Verlag):
Knud Andresen, Mario Keßler, Axel Schildt (Hg.)
Dissidente Kommunisten. Das sowjetische Modell und seine Kritiker

 

"What's the Meaning of 1917? Glances from a 100-Year Distance"

Completed Project
Publications and Events on the Occasion of the 100th Anniversary of the October Revolution.

Bookcover

Arkadij Maslow: Dissident Against His Will (1891-1941)

Mario Keßler

Completed book project

This book is a political biography of Arkadij Maksimovich Maslow (1891-1941), a German Communist politician and later a dissident and opponent to Stalin.

The Warsaw Uprising Monument got unveiled in 1989. Foto: Dhirad, Warsaw wwII, CC BY-SA 3.0

Divided Memory?
The Second World in the Historical Culture of the People’s Republic of Poland

Florian Peters
Completed PhD project

The largest anti-Communist opposition movement in Eastern Europe, the Polish ‘Solidarność’ of the years 1980/81, constitutes an important, if not central, element of the pan-European transformation processes in the final third of the twentieth century.

October 1961. Children keep their friendship across the barbed wire border between East and West Berlin. From the booklet "A City Torn Apart: Building of the Berlin Wall." Photo: The Central Intelligence Agency, Children in East and West Berlin - Flickr - The Central Intelligence Agency, public domain, details on Wikimedia Commons

The Construction of the Berlin Wall and its Impact on East German Society: A Psycho-geographical Analysis (1960s)

Completed associated PhD project

This PhD project questions the repercussions of the construction of the Wall on GDR society. The study focuses on the Wall's effect on East Berliners' everyday lives and how they had to interact with and circulate within these new thoroughfares.

Book cover.

People’s Police and Legitimisation of Power in Socialist Romania, 1960–1989

Ciprian Cirniala
Completed associated PhD project

Numerous allegories of a James Bond in the service of his people, a figure of Herculean strength or a person in blue appeared in the mass media discourse of socialist Romania from 1960 to 1989. Representations of power collided with social counter-representations (the Fuzz, truncheon-carriers) of law enforcement officers.

Havarie: East German Society Facing Industrial Disasters

Thomas Lindenberger
Completed Research project

Severe industrial accidents leading both to major disruptions in production and a relevant number of casualties are examined in order to reconstruct consensus, collusion and conflict between the different social actors constituting the social world of communist regimes: workers, engineers, managers, party organisers, functionaries of trade union and state apparatus, the secret police and party leaders.

Removal of the emblem of the SED on a building of the Central Committee on Werderscher Markt, 1990. Photo: Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-1990-0123-027 / Oberst, Klaus / CC-BY-SA 3.0, Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1990-0123-027, Berlin, SED-Symbol an ehem. ZK-Gebäude, CC BY-SA 3.0 DE

The SED between the Construction and the Fall of the Berlin Wall: Social History of a Communist State Party

Jens Gieseke

Completed Project

Collaborative project with the Chair of Modern and Contemporary History at the Friedrich Schiller University, Jena. Funded by the Federal Foundation for the Reappraisal of the SED Dictatorship

Bookcover: Alfred Meusel. Soziologe und Historiker zwischen Bürgertum und Marxismus (1896–1960)

Alfred Meusel. Soziologe und Historiker zwischen Bürgertum und Marxismus (1896–1960)

Mario Keßler

Completed book project

The sociologist and historian Alfred Meusel (1896-1960) belonged to the generation of young intellectuals who had to experience the First World War at the front. In the Weimar Republic he became a well-known sociologist of the second generation after the founding fathers of the discipline, such as Max Weber, Georg Simmel or Ferdinand Tönnies. At the age of 30 he became Professor in Aachen. In 1933 he was forced to emigrate. In England he applied in vain for a position at a university. After his return to Berlin, however, he was the first Marxist to be appointed to a chair in modern history at a German university. At Humboldt University and as director of the Museum of German History, he became a prominent, if partially controversial historian in the early years of the GDR.
Rosa Luxemburg Foundation, Berlin, funded the printing of the book.

Psychiatry and Society in the GDR in the Sixties

Fanny Le Bonhomme
Completed associated PhD project

The focus of this research study is on the relationship between psychiatry and society in the GDR in the 1960s. It should be demonstrated to what extent the institution of psychiatry – and the sources produced by it – can reflect the mechanisms, tensions and contradictions in East German society. In the framework of this research project, psychiatry will not be regarded as an ‘outdoor space’ of society but more as a component part of that which constitutes a society.

Physical Violence and State Legitimacy in Late Socialism – An International Research Network

Jan C. Behrends

Completed SAW-Project

The network investigates the relationship between physical violence and state legitimacy in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union, addressing the following questions: How did the state control violence after Stalin? How did political legitimation change after 1956? How were these changes related to the repression and the use of violent force? To what extent did physical violence disappear from politics? How was physical violence in the private sphere dealt with? Did these changes contribute to the decline of communism?

Heavy-Metal-Fans in typischer Montur auf Konzertreise in Erfurt (circa 1988)", Photo: BStU

Red Metal. Heavy Metal as an East German Subculture between Conflict and Integration

Nikolai Okunew

Completed associated PhD project

The global revival of Heavy Metal music in the early 1980s did not stop at the Elbe River. Looked down upon by state media, Heavy Metal fans emerged in every GDR district. In their spare time, almost exclusively dedicated to the collective consumption of music, these groups may have formed the biggest youth subculture in the socialist state.

Bookcover:

Building Bridges and Crossing Borders
Historians during the Cold War

Jan C. Behrends, Jürgen Danyel

Completed Research project

The project aims to historicize the role historians played in the 20th century.

A member of the SED recieves his party book, Leipzig 1951. Photo: Deutsche Fotothek‎, Fotothek df roe-neg 0006041 018 SED-Mitglied erhält sein SED-Mitgliedsbuch, CC BY-SA 3.0 DE

‘Where there is a comrade, there is the party!’?
Stability and Erosion of the SED Party Base from 1979 to 1989

Sabine Pannen
Completed associated PhD project

This PhD project focuses on the rank-and-file members of the former socialist state party (SED) separately to its party leaders and apparatus. In the 1980s, almost every fifth adult in the GDR held a party document. For this reason, party members constituted both a large part of society as well as a group of their own within society.

Bookcover: Albert Schreiner. Kommunist mit Lebensumbrüchen

Albert Schreiner. Kommunist mit Lebensbrüchen (1892-1979)

Mario Keßler

Completed book project

Albert Schreiner (1892-1979) was a journalist and functionary in the KPD and at times in the KPD Opposition. His life stations were Germany, France, Spain, the USA, and finally the GDR.  Schreiner’s political life was characterized by loyalty to the party as well as occasional hard criticism of the party line. He was a military writer who revealed in brilliant books Hitler’s rearmament. In the United States, he was one of the leading figures of the KPD exile. As a historian in the GDR, he was less successful.

This completed book project is part of the author’s project on German communist refugees in the United States (‘Westemigranten’).

 

The West German Left and its Association of Left-Wing Bookshops, 1970–1981

Completed associated PhD project

Since the end of the 1960s leftist bookshops and political publishing houses have been popping up like mushrooms all across the Federal Republic of Germany and West Berlin. The soil for this sudden appearance had been prepared by the student revolts that took place from 1967 to 1969. 

Cover of the publication.

East German Historians since Reunification
A Discipline Transformed

Mario Keßler

Completed book project

With German reunification and the demise of the German Democratic Republic in 1990, East German historians and their traditions of historiography were removed from mainstream discourse in Germany and relegated to the periphery. By the mid-1990s, few historians trained in the GDR remained in academia. These developments led to a greater degree of intellectual pluralism, yet marginalised many accomplished scholars.

Children playing in Berlin during the 1948 blockade. Photo: U.S. Department of Agriculture. Quelle: Flickr, Lizenz: public domain

Americans in West Berlin, 1945-1994
The History of an Imagined Community

Stefanie Eisenhuth

Completed associated PhD project

My study aims to question the popular myth of an alleged ‘special relationship’ between the United States and West Berlin after the Second World War by taking a closer look at local troop-community relations. Who supported contacts between military personnel and the local population? What was their motivation? Where did Germans and Americans meet by chance?

Study on Politically-motivated Forced Adoptions in the GDR

Agnès Arp

Completed proposal development for a project

This is a study of politically-motivated forced adoptions in the GDR on behalf of the Commissioner of the Federal Government for the New Federal States and the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy.

The SED in the Province
Party Presence and Regional Practices of Domination (1961–1989)

Completed PhD project

The PhD project focuses on the SED-Kreisleitungen – the local party leaders and the local party apparatuses of the former socialist state party (SED). These local power structures were located between the population on the one hand and the central and regional party apparatuses on the other hand.

Bookcover: Reformen und Reformer im Kommunismus

Bookcover: Reformen und Reformer im Kommunismus. Für Theodor Bergmann. Eine Würdigung

Reformen und Reformer im Kommunismus

Mario Keßler

Completed book project

Over decades there were in the East and in the West different personalities in the communist parties and their governing bodies who sought to democratize communism as ideology, political movement and state order. This book portrays a great number of the reforms and reformers in communism and examines the reasons why they failed. Twenty-two authors from Germany, France, the United States, Canada, Russia and China participated in this multi-national project

Imprisonment statement for the german journalist Karl Wilhelm Fricke, 1955, with a signature of Stasi-Chief Erich Milke. Photo: DDR Staatssicherheit, BStU, Karl Wilhelm Fricke - Haftbeschluss 1955, marked as public domain, details on Wikimedia Commons

Die historische Aufarbeitung der Zwangsarbeit politischer Häftlinge im DDR-Strafvollzug

Jan Philip Wölbern
Completed Research Project

Studie im Auftrag der Beauftragten der Bundesregierung für die Neuen Bundesländer (gefördert bis 2015)