Università di Napoli Federico II
E-Mail: caglioti [at] unina.it
A Transnational History of the Treatment of Enemy Aliens during WWI. A Chapter in 20th-Century Demographic and Socio-Economic Engineering
The main aim of my research is to produce a transnational, comparative history of the treatment of enemy aliens in WWI, capable of showing the interaction among countries and the process of convergence and divergence in the policies and their implementation. I plan not only to add a chapter to the history of the involvement of civilians in the war but also to contribute to the literature on the changing notion of citizen and citizenship during the war and in its aftermath. This issue will be addressed by studying how states, public opinions, and popular movements 'racialized' citizenship, built the image of the internal and the external enemy, treated civilian aliens and ethnic and religious minorities and, largely shaken by a wave of irrational hysteria, fuelled by false rumors and legends, transformed aliens and minorities into potentially dangerous enemies putting in place, in some areas more than in others, process of demographic engineering.The focus of the research is on the social, political, cultural and juridical construction of enemy aliens and their treatment in Europe and Northern America.